Virtual Conference

Yonas Biratu

Jimma University, Ethiopia

Title: Breast self-examination and associated factors among reproductive age women


Breast self-examination is one of the cheapest screening methods for early detection that women can do by themselves, in private, and in their own schedule. Even though BSE is a simple, quick, and cost-free procedure, the practice of breast self-examination is low. Thus, the aim of this study is to assess the practice level of breast self-examination and associated factors among women of childbearing age group in Jimma town, Oromia region, Southwest Ethiopia.

A community based cross-sectional study on 724 respondents was conducted in Jimma town, from March 01 to March 31, 2018. respondents were identified using multistage sampling methods. Data was collected using face to face interviewer. The data were entered by Epi Data version 3.1 and exported to statistical Package for Social Sciences version 20. Logistic regression analysis was carried out to identify a variable which has a significant association on the basis of OR, 95% CI and a P value of less than 0.05. 

Among the 724-sample size, 686 respondents were being gave a complete response. Only 15% of the respondents were practiced breast self-examination. Respondents age (AOR = 2.07/1.14, 3.74/.01), Occupation (AOR=3.93/1.49, 10.35/.00). Family history of breast cancer (AOR=4.16/2.35, 7.36/.00) and monthly income (AOR= 5.57/1.55, 19.92/.00) are significantly associated with women’s practice of breast self-examination at a P-value less than 0.05. The breast self-examination practice level of women of childbearing age living in Jimma town was very low (15%). Respondent age, occupation, Family history of breast cancer, and Monthly income are significantly associated with the women’s practice of breast self-examination.


Yonas Biratu is Assistant professor at Jimma University. He has been working in Jimma University and Jimma Medical center for more than ten years in the areas of health research, teaching students, and patient care. Regarding his educational background, He received a BSc in Nursing from Wollega University in 2012, following his first degree he earned his MSc degree in maternal health nursing from Jimma University since 2018 and currently he is a PhD fellow at Jimma University. He has involved in diverse projects research activities done at University, national and international level and He has more than 20 publications that have been cited over 56 and his a publication H-Index is 5. He has been serving as an editorial board member and reviewer of several reputed journals.